A RESEARCH REVIEW OF HALLAQ'S IDEOLOGY ABOUT EVOLUTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC LAW DURING CALIPH'S PERIOD (632C.E-670C.E)
Keywords:Evolution of Islamic law, Caliph’s Period, Sources of Islamic law, Legal Theories
In our article “A Research Review of Hallaq's Ideology about Evolution of Islamic law in Prophetic Period (610 C.E- 632 C.E)’’ We described in detail the evolution of Islamic law from 1AH-10AH. According to Wael Hallaq, since this process of evolution continued, therefore, from 11AH to 40AH(632C.E-670C.E), the Caliphs played an important role in this evolution, in which the writing of Quran, collection of text, editing of the Qur'an, the derivation of rulings from it, their practical implementation and the most important feature of this caliph’s period is that the concept of the theory of Consensus (ijma), Sunnah, Hadith and the use of opinion (later it was renamed as Ijtihad) was laid. All these sources became the basic components of the legal theories of post-Islamic law. Hallaq relied heavily on historical events in this regard, and he also worked with fabrication in the interpretation of these historical events. As a result, there are contradictions in his own statements at various points. Some baseless statements are also disclosed in his writings. In this regard, the sources of Hallaq's ideas are superficial and untrustworthy from the standpoint of Islamic research. The above-mentioned baseless notions of Hallaq regarding the evolution of Islamic law during the Caliphate period have been highlighted in the following article. A critical research review of his ideas has also been presented in this article.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Abdul Basit, Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Hassan, Dr. Allah Ditta, Dr. Muhammad Ramzan Saeedi, Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Hassan Mahmood, Dr. Muhammad Shahid khan
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