Advancements in Health through Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: A Focus on Brain Health

Advancements in Health through Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: A Focus on Brain Health

Authors

  • Ali Husnain Department of Computer Science, Chicago State University,
  • Hafiz Khawar Hussain DePaul University Chicago, Illinois,
  • Hafiz Muhammad Shahroz Department of Computer Science at Universität Cottbus-Senftenberg Germany
  • Muhammad Ali Faculty of Engineering - University of Erlangen-Nuremberg,
  • Yawar Hayat Institute of Business Administration, University Rd, Karachi City, Sindh 75270,

Keywords:

Artificial Intelligence, Health, Machine Learning, Brain, Technology

Abstract

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) have emerged as powerful tools with transformative potential across various sectors, particularly in healthcare. This abstract presents a comprehensive overview of recent advancements in AI and ML, specifically focusing on their applications in brain health. The integration of AI and ML technologies in healthcare has revolutionized the diagnosis, treatment, and management of neurological disorders and brainrelated conditions. Through the analysis of vast datasets, AI algorithms can detect patterns, identify biomarkers, and predict disease progression with unprecedented accuracy. Moreover, AI-powered imaging techniques, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), enable detailed mapping of brain activity and structure, facilitating early detection and personalized treatment strategies for neurological conditions. In addition to diagnostics, AI-driven predictive analytics have transformed patient care by enabling proactive interventions and personalized treatment plans. By leveraging patient-specific data, including genetic profiles, medical history, and lifestyle factors, AI algorithms can predict individual risk factors for neurological diseases and guide clinicians in delivering targeted interventions to mitigate risks and improve outcomes. Furthermore, AI-powered virtual assistants and chatbots have revolutionized patient engagement and support, providing round-the-clock access to information, resources, and personalized assistance for individuals with neurological conditions and their caregivers. These virtual companions offer real-time monitoring, symptom management, medication reminders, and mental health support, enhancing patient autonomy and quality of life. Despite the remarkable progress, challenges remain in the widespread adoption and integration of AI and ML technologies in brain health. Ethical considerations, data privacy concerns, and regulatory frameworks pose significant hurdles that require careful navigation. Additionally, addressing disparities in access to AI-enabled healthcare solutions and ensuring equitable distribution of benefits are essential for maximizing the potential of these technologies in improving brain health outcomes globally.

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Published

2024-03-20

How to Cite

Ali Husnain, Hafiz Khawar Hussain, Hafiz Muhammad Shahroz, Muhammad Ali, & Yawar Hayat. (2024). Advancements in Health through Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: A Focus on Brain Health . Revista Espanola De Documentacion Cientifica, 18(01), 100–123. Retrieved from http://redc.revistas-csic.com/index.php/Jorunal/article/view/195

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